Name & Hierarchy
During the celebration marking the handing over of the Police colors to the Police Force on 4thNovember, 1974, His Majesty Sultan Qaboos, the Supreme Commander conferred the title of "The Royal Oman Police" on the newly formed force.
The title of "the Commissioner for police" which was used to be the title of the president of the force under the old Police Law No. 5/1973, a Royal Decree was issued on 26th November 1974 changing the title to (the Inspector General of Police and Customs).
The ROP personnel are subject and controlled by the Police Law issued by the Royal Decree No. 35/90 dated 10th March 1990 which replaced the old Police Law (No. 5/1973). This Law consists of 104 Articles in 3 chapters:
- First Chapter: Introductory provisions, the formation of the Police
- Force and its responsibilities
- Second Chapter: Service in the Police Force
- Third Chapter: General Provisions
The Inspector General Of Police And Customs
The First Article of the Police Force has defined (the Inspector General of Police and Customs as the General Commander of the Royal Oman Police who is appointed by His Majesty the Sultan to command, manage and supervise the Police Force. The Inspector General of Police and Customs is has the position of a Minister.
Role & Responsibilities
The role of the Royal Oman Police is the same as that played by the police forces of all modern nations. It maintains law and order throughout the country by striving to control and prevent the occurrence and nab them in the bud. It controls, tracks and arrest perpetrators and take them to courts to allow justice takes its course.
Article (11) of the Police Law stipulates that the mission of ROP is the maintenance of public order and security and monitoring public behavior together with the protection of lives, possessions, properties and honor. It guarantees peace and tranquility in all fields. It curbs and prevents the occurrence of crimes. It controls and arrests criminals. It conducts inquiries and investigations and collects evidence. It also assumes any other assignments and responsibilities stipulated by the applicable laws and decrees and all other duties enforced by laws and regulations.
All ROP stations in the different Governorates, regions and wilayats receive reports and complaints submitted by all injured or wronged victims and inquire and investigate them. It also prepares all the files of the reports and complaints that are satisfying the basis of criminal conduct and refer them to the concerned and competent courts. It also handles the problems and files of traffic violations.
The Royal Oman Police is distinguished from other police forces in many countries by being also responsible of the tasks and responsibilities of customs.
The Police Flag was created on 1973. It is a rectangle divided by vertical lines into 4 rectangles. Three of these rectangles with light equal bases in area with the colors of the national flag. The green color is near to the post followed by the red color, then the white color. The last rectangle is blue color with a wide base, in its middle is found the Royal Oman Police banner in white. The flag of the Royal Oman Police is hoisted on all the buildings of the different formations of ROP together with the national flag.
Ranks & Insignia
Article (4) of the Police Law issued by the Royal Decree No. 53/09 (the ranks of police servicemen) as follows:Conventional Ranks of Officers
- Lieutenant General
- Major General
- Lieutenant Colonel
- First Lieutenant
- Candidate for promotion (Murrashah)
Officers wear the insignia of their ranks on the shoulders. Insignias of other ranks are affixed on the right shirtsleeve.
Four medals with the Royal Oman Police logo was created in 1975. They are the following: Royal Oman Police Medal for Efficiency Royal Oman Police Medal for Courage Royal Oman Police Medal for Long Service and Good Conduct Royal Oman Police for Medal for Excellent Service
These medals are predominantly blue in color (the color of the Royal Oman Police). The metal parts are similar in their silver colors and the common face showing the Royal Oman Police Flag but are different on the other side as it carries the phrase (for efficiency) and (for courage) and so on. Two branches forming a circular crown or garland surround these phrases.
In 1980 the Royal Oman Police Medal for Excellent Service was renamed (Sultan Qaboos Police Medal)